About the damages of the moho fungi for the human body

The molds are formed by branched mycelos. They are everywhere and sometimes they are invisible to the eyes. They can hide under the finishing material, in the water or on the earth. The main problem is that fungi multiply very rapidly and cause damage to the human body. Let’s see what kind of problem can cause the mushrooms of the mold at home and even for health.

Moth fungi damage

The damage caused by the mold is due to secondary metabolites that are toxic to other organisms. Some species can cause the following economic problems

  1. Damage to agriculture. Fungi are capable of affecting grain, straw and hay. Its high toxicity usually disables crop.
  2. Danger for construction materials. The finishing of the buildings can be destroyed. Wooden structures are more affected.
  3. Paper damage. The molds become a threat to the integrity of paper paste and cause their deterioration.

It has also been shown that molds are a threat to magnetic supports. People who have left audio, video and various storage supports in the garage have noticed that spores and mold appear in them, which prevents them from working.

But what about damage to things when there are also dangers to health.

What diseases can cause molds?

Unfortunately, mold fungi are not harmless to the human body. There are several diseases that cause:

  • Allergic reactions;
  • Respiratory diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis and pneumonia;
  • skin diseases, dermatitis;
  • rhinitis and sinusitis;
  • conjunctivitis.

Intoxication is caused by toxins released by microorganisms. They multiply rapidly and affect the human body. The black mold is especially dangerous. If it is not eliminated in time, serious consequences such as tuberculosis, asphyxiation and other similar problems may occur.

Symptoms of diseases caused by mold

Health professionals already know the damage caused by the mold. It can be recognized that toxic damage has occurred in a person by the following characteristic symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing and breathing;
  • Itchy throat;
  • Rapid fatigue and general weakness;
  • Drip or nasal congestion;
  • redness or eruptions in the skin;
  • itching
  • Swelling;
  • gastrointestinal disorders
  • weakened immune system;
  • Dry cough;
  • Headaches;
  • nosebleed.

People with chronic respiratory diseases may experience an exacerbation of the disease and worsen their wel l-being.

How to protect yourself

To protect yourself from diseases caused by mold fungi in humans, you must do the following

  1. Regularly inspect the room for mold stains.
  2. If they appear, take immediate measures to eliminate them. There are many commercial and homemade remedies for this purpose.

The mold usually appears on the walls. It is recognized by chipped paint or plaster and salt remains.

First aid in case of poisoning

If you do not find remains of mold and the first symptoms of toxic intoxication appear, you must take the following measures:

  1. Administer activated carbon at a rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight, or more modern adsorbents.
  2. If the affected product is consumed, wash the stomach with a weak manganese solution or a special medication.

Before the first sign of poisoning, it is best to seek medical attention on time. A hospitalization service can carry out a procedure to eliminate body toxins.

What causes the appearance of mold?

Unfavorable weather conditions are the most common cause of mold growth. The optimal conditions for mold growth are about 20 ° C and a relative humidity greater than 95 %. However, some types of fungi are capable of developing even at temperatures below 0 degrees Celsius. Among the reasons of its appearance are also included

  • High thermal conductivity
  • Bad ventilation of the room;
  • High humidity outside and inside the building.

It should be noted that high levels of humidity can also be the result of a large number of interior plants, frequent washed, unequal heating of the room and bad ventilation.

Types of mold fungi

There are many different types of mold fungi. The most common are:

  1. Noble mold. It affects fruits and berries, immediately disabled the product.
  2. Blue mold. One of the most famous. In many countries it is used for marble cheese.
  3. White mold. It is added to the cheese to give it a new flavor.
  4. Black mold. The most dangerous type of fungus that causes serious toxic poisoning.
  5. Gray mold. It feeds on dead organic parts. It looks like a simple plaque that usually appears in berries, fruits and other foods. It should be noted that plants and flower seeds also suffer.
  6. Pink mold. It looks like a pink spongy cloud. It affects construction materials and plant remains. It appears in damaged foods that have been stored in inappropriate conditions. It is not harmful in itself, but the products in which it has appeared should not be consumed.
  7. Green mold. It appears in the onion or garlic as a coating. It is used to manufacture a substance that protects the cultivation of fungi and diseases of the garden.

Another type of fungus is efflorescence, also called efflorescence. It is a white salt or alkaline efflorescence that is formed in the walls due to the movement of liquids within the finishing or construction materials.

Scope for human benefit

Foreignly that it may seem, mold fungi are useful in various fields of life.

  1. Medicine. Many types of medications, home remedies and dietary supplements occur from molds. They have a general reconstituent effect and relieve the symptoms of diarrhea in children.
  2. Food industry. The mold is used to make some types of bakery and sausage products. It is also used in chucrut and pickled cucumbers. The mold is also found in some fine cheeses. Formerly, fresh bread was allowed to stand in special conditions for a few weeks before drying and crumbled. The resulting dust was added to the cheese. Today, edible molds are cultivated especially in laboratories. They are also used to make sauces and citric acid.
  3. Some types of drinks are made: beer and wine. Mol d-covered grapes are collected at certain times and are used to produce luxury dessert wines.
  4. Agriculture. In most cases, the appearance of mold is harmful to crop. However, some species of fungi have a positive effect on the development of plants by enhancing their growth and increasing their performance.

Less frequently, fungi are used for cosmetic purposes. They are used to make infusions.

Homemade mushroom culture

How to cultivate a useful mold – the necessary conditions for your life. To do this, the following algorithm must be followed:

  1. Place a layer of sand on a flat dish or plate and moisten it slightly with water.
  2. Place a piece of white bread on top and cover it with a plate.
  3. Place the contents in a warm place.

After a few days, fluff will appear, also called mucor strand.

Benefits of mold for the body

It should be noted that some types of mold fungi are good for the human body. For example, the tea fungus, which is a combination of vinegar bacteria and yeast, is considered one of them. It is grown in a glass jar with black tea or juice. It has the following beneficial properties

  • normalization of the gastrointestinal tract
  • restoration of intestinal microflora
  • thirst relief;
  • improvement of the genitourinary system;
  • It also has the ability to detoxify the body.

Expensive cheeses with a healthy mold, such as Dor Blue, Camembert, and Brie, are also beneficial. These cheeses contain many useful microelements, although for some people the smell is similar to that of a spoiled product.

Black Mold Prevention

It is known that the most dangerous for the human body is black mold, which often provokes the development of serious diseases.

To prevent black mold, the following preventative measures are recommended:

  1. Ventilate the room regularly. Once or twice a day is enough. Ventilation should be brief, but also intense. Therefore, it is advisable to open the window as much as possible.
  2. It is advisable to ensure that the air reaches the areas conducive to the appearance of fungi. Therefore, the door of the bathroom, attic and basement must be opened during ventilation.
  3. The bathroom must be cleaned regularly, the sponges must be dried and the curtains must be opened.
  4. Check for leaks in plumbing fixtures. If any leakage occurs, clean it up immediately.
  5. Do not leave wet clothes in the washing machine for a long time. Hang them immediately after washing.
  6. If the rubbish is stored in a bag, rinse and dry the bin when you change it.
  7. In summer, it is advisable to use an air conditioner to create a favorable indoor climate. If you do not have one, you can increase the number of intensive ventilations to 4-6 times a day.

Black mold causes disease, serious illness, and even death. If stains appear on the walls, ceiling, or furniture, you should take immediate steps to remove them.

black mold solution

For example, you can do a superficial treatment with a popular remedy. To prepare the solution, dissolve 0. 5 kg of copper sulfate and 1. 5-2 liters of acetic acid in 10 liters of water. Use a spray or a brush to distribute the resulting mixture through the affected areas.

If you wish, you can also buy a remedy against the mold already prepared, available in domestic or construction products stores.

Today we know that there are about 100, 000 varieties of mold fungi, and scientists constantly identify new ones. Each of them has unique properties that are harmful or, on the contrary, beneficial to the human body. If a person uses mold fungi in the creation of popular remedies or consumes them in the diet, maximum caution is required. for example, you can do a superficial treatment with a popular remedy. To prepare the solution, dissolve 0. 5 kg of copper sulfate and 1. 5-2 liters of acetic acid in 10 liters of water. Use a spray or a brush to distribute the resulting mixture through the affected areas.

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