Chemical composition and nutritional value of plums

The plum is rich in various micronutrients that have beneficial effects on the human body. The tree has many varieties and varieties. The berries are of different color, shape and color. However, they all have the same composition, which varies with a small margin of error. The plum is used in cuisine and cosmetology. Its rich composition improves the skin and has a positive effect on human health.

General characteristics of the fruit

The plum has many variants and variants. All have similar taste qualities. All plums have a bittersweet taste. It has a thick skin and a soft pulp. It has a seed inside. Its fruit grows in trees. Many gardeners grow it. Fruits at the end of summer. The berries can be bought from known or stores.

The color of the berries varies from light yellow to dark or almost black blue. There are small, large and medium. They have an elongated or rounded shape.

They are used a lot in the kitchen and in the elaboration of homemade wines. Blue plums are especially popular because they contain many useful microelements. It is used to lose weight.

The fruit extract is used to make cosmetic products: shampoos, creams, balms, masks and exfoliants.

Chemical composition of the plum

Garden plum contains a large number of minerals and vitamins and is rich in carbohydrates.

Proteins, fats and carbohydrates (FFC)

A 100 grams product contains 10 grams of carbohydrates and 1 gram of proteins. It does not contain fats. Therefore, it is recommended for thinning diets.


Plum contains many vitamins that improve the state of the organism:

  • Vitamin A;
  • Vitamin B1
  • Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin B3
  • Vitamin B4
  • RR vitamin;
  • Vitamin E
  • vitamin C;
  • carotene.

Vitamin C is contained in an amount of 10 mg per 100 grams of product. Its content is the highest among others. Thanks to her, plum reinforces immunity and prevents the development of colds.

Mineral content

When they are fresh, plums contain a large number of beneficial minerals. Among them are included:

  • sodium
  • potassium
  • calcium
  • magnesium;
  • match
  • zinc;
  • copper;
  • fluorine;
  • manganese;
  • iron.

Important: When plums are processed, some of the minerals are lost and less useful.

Product nutrients

Plums contain nutrients necessary for the normal functioning of the organism. The largest amount of vitamin C, but also a lot of potassium, iron, food fibers and flavonoids.

Sorbitol – a part of the berry and has an indulgent effect. In 100 grams of product there is a percentage of daily nutrient needs. Nutrient percentage:

  • 15% vitamin C;
  • 5% vitamin A;
  • 5% potassium;
  • 4. 8% dietary fiber;
  • 4% iron;
  • 4% vitamin 1 and niacin;
  • 2% magnesium, vitamin E, vitamin B2;
  • 1% protein, sodium, folate.

Calories per 100 g

The caloric value of a plum is calculated per 100 grams. This amount contains 42 kcal. The average weight of a berry is 14 grams, contains 14 kcal. Of 10 grams of berries there are 10 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of proteins and 0. 3 grams of fat. Some varieties have no fat. Carbohydrates are abundant, since the fruit consists of: glucose, sucrose, fructose. Depending on the variety, the caloric value is:

  • Red plum 47-49 kcal per 100 grams, 13 kcal per 1 knuckle;
  • blue 42-43 kcal per 100 grams, 10 kcal per 1 berry
  • yellow 49-51 kcal per 100 grams, 17 kcal per 1 berry
  • Black 45-46 kcal per 100 grams, 11 kcal for 1 bone fruit.

Plum properties

The product has beneficial properties for the body. With some diseases it has contraindications for consumption. If they eat plums in unlimited quantities, it can cause health problems.


The plum has beneficial properties for the body. They include:

  • Purification of the organism, due to the presence of sorbitol. It has an astringent effect. The fruit is often used to lose weight.
  • Strengthening of heart muscle and blood vessels. High potassium content, restores cardiac function.
  • Clean the blood vessels of cholesterol plates. Prevents the development of atherosclerosis. It has this effect thanks to vitamin C.
  • It reinforces the immune system, it is used as a prophylactic for colds in autumn and spring. It has this effect thanks to the content of vitamin C.
  • It improves the status of the skin, this effect is the vitamin composition of the fruit.
  • It stimulates peristaltism, eliminates constipation.
  • It has a soft diuretic effect;
  • It is an antioxidant product.
  • Normalizes blood pressure.
  • It stimulates brain activity. Improves mood, eliminates insomnia.
  • Eliminates the free radicals of the organism, which are formed after infectious diseases. Radicals accumulate in the body and cause cancer development. The plum acts as a cancer preventive.
  • Strengthens hair.
  • Strengthens the view.
  • It has antiseptic and healing effects.

Damages and contraindications

Plums are a useful and irreplaceable product in the human diet. However, there are a number of contraindications in which the berries are completely excluded from the diet:

  • allergic reactions;
  • gastritis, with high acidity;
  • gastric and duodenal ulcer
  • chronic pancreatitis;
  • Children under 3 years;
  • Type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus;
  • cholelitiasis;
  • drop;
  • rheumatism;
  • pregnancy period
  • breastfeeding period;
  • When the intestine microbial balance is altered, for example after antibiotic treatment.

Important: In the presence of any of these diseases, plum intake should be consulted with the doctor, or completely reject them.

If consumed without restrictions, plums can cause health problems. Cause

  • diarrhea;
  • dehydration;
  • flatulence;
  • nausea;
  • Vomiting

Important: The consumption of plums must be combined with other foods and must be limited.

What is the correct way to eat them and in what amounts?

The plums can be eaten fresh, if they are eaten after frozen or in the form of raisins, the amount of nutrients remains the same. The consumption and choice of the product have some rules:

  • The berries that are sold out of season have nothing useful. Such products have a high concentration of chemical substances that have accumulated during the artificial cultivation of the fruit.
  • Pasas plums have as many micronutrients as fresh. To obtain an unequivocally high quality product, it is recommended to prepare them.
  • Immature berries, which have greenish sides, should not be consumed. They cause serious diarrhea or poisoning.
  • It is not recommended to eat plums, since they can cause dehydration of the organism. The product must be introduced in the diet gradually, carefully monitoring the organism’s reaction.
  • You should not eat plums at night. The intestines must rest at night. Coma plums at least 3 hours before sleeping;
  • Imported plums are taken with caution; They have traveled a lot from their native tree, most likely they were collected by mature to mature along the way, and this indicates that the berries are not very useful.
  • Wild plums should not be consumed; They may not be plums at all. And also the berries of wild plants have a different composition of the garden species, they can cause an unpredictable reaction of the organism.
  • Plums must be consumed preferably before meals or as a separate dish. The berries cause fermentation in the stomach, if plums are taken at breakfast, they will cause vomiting and stomach discomfort.

The amount of berries consumed depends on the purpose and individuality of the organism:

  • If there are contraindications, 2-3 berries must be consumed a day with the doctor’s permission.
  • For healthy people, the number of berries is increased to 10-15.
  • If you want to lose weight, take a day off at plums once a week. In a day, eat 1 kilogram of a elbow, dividing it into all meals into the same amount.
  • For children under three years of age, the product is gradually introduced, starting with half a teaspoon. The organism’s reaction is monitored, if there are no problems with feces and eruptions, the dose is gradually increased.
  • Diabetics are allowed to eat 1-2 berries a day, since they help accumulate sugars in the body. Any introduction in the diet of a new product requires the advice of a specialist.

Special uses in cosmetology

In cosmetics stores they usually find shampoos, masks, oils and creams containing plum. In this composition he carries all useful vitamins and trace elements. This type of masks are prepared at home. Masks are used to prevent wrinkles.

They are prepared as follows:

  1. Wash plums with warm water.
  2. Remove the nuggets and pulp;
  3. Prepare a dough similar to puree;
  4. Apply on the skin;
  5. Leave on the skin for 30 minutes;
  6. Wash with warm water.

IMPORTANT: A more effective result is achieved by mixing the pulp with essential or olive oil.

Recipe to prevent acne:

  1. The prepared plum pulp is mixed with lemon juice;
  2. Apply on the face;
  3. Wash after 20 minutes.

Eliminates the fat from the skin, relieves inflammation of small pustules, kills the harmful bacteria that cause eruptions.

To combat the black points, mix berum pulp with tomato pulp and add oatmeal. Apply the mixture on the face and gently rub the facial oval. Leave 15 minutes and clarify with warm water.

There is a hot hair mask, very popular among women:

  1. The pulp of the berries is mixed with a tablespoon of olive oil;
  2. You can add any essential oil;
  3. Slighted lemon juice of 1-2 lemons is added;
  4. Heat the mixture in a hot water bath to 37-40 ° C;
  5. Apply in the roots of the hair follicles;
  6. Use a shower or similar hat;
  7. Cover the head with a hot cloth;
  8. Leave on the skin for 30 minutes;
  9. Withdraw with shampoo;
  10. Let dry naturally.

The hair mask strengthens the hair follicles, prevents the open tips. Strengthens the hair structure, prevents hair loss.

Plum collection and storage

The newly felt plums of the garden can be kept between 30 and 40 days. It all depends on the freshness of the berry. In the refrigerator they are preserved between 7 and 10 days. It is advisable to wash the plums before eating them. If they are washed completely and get into the refrigerator, they spoil. Water eliminates the protective layer of berries against rot bacteria.

If you don’t plan to use plums soon, it is better to process them. They are used to make compotes, jams, jams and glums. For the jam, pour sugar on the berries, cook over low heat and stir constantly pour into jars. Close tightly with a lid.

Compotes are prepared in combination with other berries or fruits, add sugar and citric acid. Depending on the desired result. To prepare their own racies, black or dark blue plums are used. Each fruit is thoroughly washed in warm water. It is advisable to remove the nuggets, since passing plums can be bitter.

Each is placed on a baking sheet lined with scroll paper. They are introduced into the oven at 150 ° C. Dry until the fruit has been wrinkled, otherwise the product will be broken. If it’s hot, dry in the sun, stirring plums all the time.

The berries can also be frozen, but it is advisable to rinse them first. Then place the fruit in plastic containers or freezing bags. This option allows you to enjoy plums at any time of the year.

Plums are a healthy product that complements the diet with minerals and vitamins. It has many useful properties that improve the state of the human body. It improves skin, hair, cardiovascular system, accelerates metabolism and eliminates harmful toxins.

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