Chemical composition of dates and their nutritional value

Most people like to whim themselves and their family members. Aromatic tea, fresh pastries and chocolates are the perfect trio, capable of providing a pleasant whim any day. However, as everyone knows, “delicious” does not always equals “healthy”, and everything good does not always lack a tasty component.

A wide range of diverse products of natural origin can replace any sweet manufactured in the factory. Dry fruits and berries, dried, soaked and fresh are very useful for eating, and no less taste sweets.

One of them, which can replace a harmful sweet with a healthy one, is the dates. The organic nutrients and compounds that it contains can provide the body with everything you need for quite some time. Not without reason, dates are called “desert bread” in the places where they grow.

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PLANT

The datile palm is a unique trunk tree with several long and divided pin e-shaped branches. The trunk has a cylindrical shape and is covered with thorny petioles. The average height of the tree is 18 meters. Some specimens reach a length of about 27-30 meters.

The Datilee palm family is made up of about 17 species. The berries of some members of this family are used as food. They are a common food called dates. The most common species in stores is datile palm. Sometimes other varieties of nuts are on sale, such as the “Deglet Nur or Royal Dates”, the “Majhol (Medjol, Majhul)”.

The inflorescences of the palm tree are yellow. They form a kind of brush. Reproduction is by wind pollination between male and female trees. Fructification begins between the third and sixth year, when the palm tree has exceeded 15 meters in length. By then, the plant reaches full maturity.

Curious fact in antiquity, the city of Jericho, mentioned in biblical history, was called the “city of dates.”To this day, the Jews celebrate a Tanjita annual party, the “end of the harvest”. Traditionally, for seven days, families live in temporary huts made with datile palm leaves and other plants to commemorate the wanderings of the people of Israel by the desert.

It will probably have realized that the dates sold in different containers have the same intensely sweet flavor. Fresh fruit is also satisfactorily sweet, but less sugary. The berries torn from the branch are acidic and crispy. They have thick skin and a juicy pulp.

Countries that cultivate and send the product for sale worldwide use 3 characteristic names that define the degree of maturity:

  • Character. In this phase, the dates is milky. It has the hard bark and the dry pulp.
  • RotabThe fruit is completely mature. The cortex becomes softer and tender and the pulp has a rich sweet taste and a delicate consistency.
  • Tamar. This is the extreme state of maturation. The fruit has a sweet and sweet flavor. The skin becomes denser and the thickest pulp.

Where does it grow?

The official historical sources affirm that the datilero, nicknamed the “beauty reference”, is originally from the banks of the Euphrates River.

Other information suggests that the palm tree was already grown in the fourth century B. C. in Egypt. Some scientists, according to the findings of the excavations, have suggested that the first fruits of the tree were tested by people who lived in the late stone age.

Many thousands of years later, thanks to the development and improvement of commercial routes, the dates began to be supplied and sold successfully in Asian countries, territories of North Africa and in Europe. A little later they found popularity in the United States.

Today, wel l-fruiting palm trees are grown in South Africa, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Egypt, Turkey, North Africa, Asia, USA, the desert lands of India and the banks of the Mediterranean.

One of the most prominent countries in the dates industry is Israel. With the appropriate commercial approach, favorable climatic conditions and ancestral secrets, the Jews have become the best exporters in the world.

Of course, the palm tree needs a lot of sun to grow well. Therefore, the favorable conditions for cultivation are the areas where tropical and subtropical climates predominate. In Russia there are also places where they grow, for example, in Caucasus, Crimea or Sochi.

A data. Traditionally, the datile palm tree is considered a daughter of the desert, but almost no one knows that it can withstand cold temperatures of up t o-15 ° C.

Dotile appearance

The fruit of the date palm is a cylindrical berry with a dense skin, fleshy pulp and an elongated bone inside. Ripe dates are dark brown or yellow-orange in color. They have an average diameter of 3 to 4 cm and a length of 3 to 6 cm. Large varieties reach 9 cm and are 4-5 cm wide.

Chemical composition of dates

The high nutritional value of dates is mainly due to its high glucose, sucrose and fructose content. The chemical composition of the fruit is rich in vitamins, minerals and many other compounds of organic origin:

  • 16 minerals such as phosphorus, copper, cadmium, iron, potassium, sodium, magnesium and others;
  • nearly 24 kinds of amino acids;
  • vitamins A, B, C, D, K;
  • carbohydrates – 40 to 80%;
  • proteins – 2 to 3%;
  • fats – 0. 25 to 0. 52%;
  • dietary fibers;
  • pectin.

Protein, fat, carbohydrate (BFU)

In 100 g. of dates, depending on its type, maturity and place of growth, contains: carbohydrates from 40 to 80%; proteins – from 2 to 3% and fats from 0. 25 to 0. 52%. Carbohydrates, which are broken down when the product enters the stomach, release an enormous amount of energy, which in turn contributes to increasing the body’s energy level.

The fats in the product nourish the cellular structures of the brain and strengthen the vascular membranes. Proteins are involved in the construction of muscle material, which reduces the risk of dystrophic manifestations to zero. Thus, the presence of high percentages of AGL in dates makes this fruit incredibly rich and necessary for the human body.

vitamins

As previously noted, the chemical composition of dates includes a large vitamin complex. Each of these elements plays an important role:

  • Group A vitamins help reduce or completely stop oxidative processes.
  • Thiamine (B1) activates enzymatic processes in the gastrointestinal tract, which helps to quickly break down and properly distribute the nutrients received during meals.
  • Riboflavin (B2) regulates the pancreas and liver, and normalizes the formation of red blood cells.
  • Pyridoxine (B6) is involved in the regulation of nervous processes.
  • Nicotinic acid (PP) contributes to the proper functioning of bone marrow cells.

mineral composition

The main minerals that make up the date and that have a high percentage in it are:

  • Magnesium. It is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, improves the structure of the mucous membranes, normalizes blood circulation and strengthens the bones.
  • The calcium. Main bone forming element also normalizes the coagulation of blood cells and reduces nerve tissue tone.
  • The sodium. It helps to regulate the agency’s water-exit balance and eliminates excess water.
  • Match. Improves the operation of filtration organs, that is, the liver and kidneys.
  • Iron. It favors brain activity, increases hemoglobin and muscle strength.

Nutrients

Nutrients are understood as biologically important elements for human life, directly at the level of biochemical processes that take place in the body.

Vitamins, minerals and other organic compounds containing dates are especially important to carry an adequate diet and, therefore, to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

However, it is important to remember that everything is good in moderation. Excessive nutrient saturation can lead to negative consequences and cause poisoning. Take into account the recommended fruit intake and do not overcome it.

Calories per 100 grams

Datiles are considered a relatively caloric product. On average, 100 g of dehydrated fruit contain about 295 kcal, and dehydrated 285 kcal. Caloric content depends mainly on weight, variety and maturity. If the average weight of 1 fruit is 8 g, the calories are 19. 2 kcal.

Attention. If you want to lose weight, you should keep in mind that, depending on the size, 100 g.- They are equivalent to about 8-13 berries. This amount is the daily consumption rate, and to avoid negative consequences, do not exceed it.

Dates properties

The value of dates lies in their notable properties:

  • This millenary fruit has been delighting people with their sweetness thousands of years.
  • It is a delicious dessert that feels good at any table.
  • It is a nutrien t-rich medicinal berry that helps in the prevention and treatment of many diseases.
  • It is part of the popular tradition.

The dates have a large number of medicinal properties. Fresh, dry and soaked dates help combat hypertension, depressive disorders, weakness, feet swelling and reduction of labor.

Benefits

The fruit of the datile palm has absorbed many health benefits. Due to their natural composition, they have positive effects on the human body.

The unique synthesis of vitamins, minerals, micro and macronutrients that contain dates, when consumed regularly, affects the cardiovascular system:

  • Cardiovascular system.
  • Immunity.
  • Gastrointestinal tract.
  • Nervous system. Combination of pantothenic acid and niacin.
  • Excretory system organs.
  • Metabolic processes.

In addition, the product is recommended as a prophylactic in cases of ailments such as:

  • Excessive fatigue and weakness;
  • insomnia;
  • Dry Skin;
  • Hair deterioration and nails.

Damage and contraindications

Even the most useful and delicious fruit can be harmful to health. Therefore, we advise you to carefully read the following contraindications before eating dates. It is not recommended at all, or allowed with caution to use fruit in the presence of such diagnosed diseases such as:

  • Hyperglycemia
  • gastro-denitis;
  • Enterocolitis;
  • endocrinological disorders;
  • allergic reactions caused by individual intolerance to product components
  • overweight;
  • slow metabolism;
  • dental caries;
  • migraine.

If you have a history of any of the aforementioned conditions, be sure to consult your doctor before consuming the fruit candy.

Children and adults who try the product for the first time must introduce it in their diet gradually, starting with a room and increasing up to several berries a day. If during this time there are no allergy symptoms as a cutaneous eruption, asphyxiation or itching, they can be consumed later.

What is the correct way to eat dates and in what amounts?

Datiles can eat whole. However, during or before a meal the fruit bone must be removed. It is not edible. According to experts, it is considered that a normal amount for day to day is to eat 2 to 6 pieces. The berries should only be eaten during the day. Due to the high glycemic index and the considerable caloric content, the organs of the digestive tract need more time to release enzymes capable of digesting them. For this reason, it is not recommended to eat dates when bedtime.

Attention. It is not necessary to remove the skin from the dates. They are considered especially useful because they contain more valuable ingredients than the pulp itself.

The product can be consumed in any way. The nuts, cured or canned fruits are an excellent alternative to manufactured sweets. They can be used in the preparation of baked products, in the cooking of compotes, such as independent tea for tea or as an additive of a creamy filling.

Conservation and storage

Dry or dehydrated dates are the most common in supermarket showcases. They are packaged in special vacuum containers, so storing them is not very difficult. As a general rule, the packaged product is suitable for consumption for 24 months. You can inform about the expiration and conservation conditions of the nuts in this way in the manufacturer’s container.

As for fresh berries, you must know certain peculiarities of its elaboration at home, which will guarantee their conservation for a long time:

  • Sun drying. Choose a well ventilated and sunny room. Next, extend the dates on a flat surface, previously prepared with clean paper. It will take about 2. 5 weeks to prepare them in this way. To guarantee a uniform drying, turn them back from time to time so that each side has time to dry well.
  • Drying in the oven. Cular of the parchment paper of the size of the tray and place the dates so that there is little space between them. Light the oven at 150 ° C and leave the doors open. The fruit will take about 10 hours to dry. During this time, take the berries and turn around every 30-40 minutes.
  • Dry the fruit in the electric dryer.
  • Canned. With this method many delicacies can be preserved for winter:
  • jam;
  • pasta;
  • syrup;
  • jam;
  • Datiles caught with cloves, cinnamon and black pepper;
  • compote and much more.
  • FrozenA very simple and comfortable way to keep them. There are special bags to freeze that do not miss moisture.

The useful life of prepared products in the first 3 forms, depending on storage conditions, varies from 4 to 12 months. Canned or frozen dates can be consumed in 2 years.

Attention. Rinse the dates before consuming them. Excess moisture will make them spoil faster.

Fresh dates can be placed on refrigerator shelves or in a fresh and dark room. To do this, wrap the paper on paper and place it near the freezer or in the coldest place in the pantry. The conservation time in this way will not exceed 70 days. At room temperature, freshly collected dates can be kept for 2 weeks. And this with the condition that they are kept in a dark and dry place.

The appropriate containers to keep the dry and dried berries are:

  • Sterilized glass jars;
  • plastic containers;
  • canvas and linen bags
  • Special paper or vacuum bags
  • cardboard boxes;
  • Storage tarros of birch bark, wood, glass or tin.

Important: Keep wel l-closed dates. Dates conserved in glass or metal containers must air periodically. This prevents them from spoiling the mold or food insects. Neither do the containers open for a long time. Otherwise, the content will absorb all unpleasant smells of the kitchen and become stale and unusable.

The dates have a very rich chemical composition. Its use allows to saturate the organism of useful substances, improve the functioning of many organs and systems, restore the energy balance of the body. Due to its very sweet flavor they can replace chocolate, jam or candies.

If consumed in the recommended amount per day, datile palm trees will be an excellent help to maintain a healthy diet. The dishes that use this ingredient will benefit both adults and children and surprise diners with a unique flavor. Surprisingly, it is enough to try the natural gifts of the time to touch a piece of ancient history.

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