Papaya: health benefits, calories, vitamins, composition

Papaya is an exotic fruit that is cultivated in most tropical countries. Its main use is to eat both raw and roasted. When baked, it smells like bread, hence the second name of “Pan fruit”.

Papaya nutritional value

It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of papaya: with only 39 to 45 calories per 100 grams of product, the fruit contains up to 70% of the daily needs of vitamin C and many other microelements necessary for the body.

The high content of vegetable fiber makes papaya a guest welcome in the menus to lose weight, while the papain substance contributes to normalize digestion and helps absorb nutrients from other foods.

100 grams of the product contain

  • Proteins – 0. 5 g (0. 61%)
  • Fats – 0. 3 g (0. 46%)
  • Carbohydrates – 9. 1 g (7. 11%)
  • Food fiber – 1. 7 g (8. 5%)
  • Water – 88. 06 g (3. 44%)

(Calculation of the proportion of the daily ration of 1500 calories)

Exotic fruit contains the following components

  • Vitamins – A, B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B9, C, E, PP, K, Lutein, Licopeno;
  • Macronutrients – iron, potassium, zinc, copper, phosphorus, calcium, sodium, magnesium, manganese, selenium;
  • Amino acids – Phenylalanine, glycine, arginine, tisorine, valine, serine, histidine, glutamic acid, isoleucine, asparic acid, leucine, alanine, lysine, methionine, tryptophan, treonine
  • Fatty acids-Mirista, Linolenic, Linoleic, Omega-6, Láurico, Oleico, Palmitoleico, Palmitico, Omega-3, stearic; Digestible carbohydrates – mono and disaccharides, fructose, glucose
  • food fibers;
  • water;
  • ash.

Useful papaya properties

Therapeutic uses of papaya

Papaya is a type of plant whose entire fruit can be beneficial.

Due to its high fiber content, fruit consumption is useful to improve intestinal function and purification. In addition, papaya has a laxative effect that helps to fight even chronic constipation.

Another useful property of the pulp is the fight against intestinal parasites, in particular the elimination of amoebas, which cause chronic diarrhea. With its soothing and antiseptic effect on intestines, fruit is practically indispensable for colitis and irritable intestine syndrome. Papaya juice is also recommended for purifying and detoxifying purposes.

The fruit is also good for female health: it helps normalize the menstrual cycle and contains a lot of folic acid, especially important for pregnant women. Prevents anemia and regulates blood flow to the uterus.

The lack of this component can have a negative impact on the nervous system of the fetus and cause anomalies development. Lack of folic acid can also cause chronic fatigue, insomnia and even depression.

Due to its high nutrient content, it is recommended to treat eye problems – its regular consumption helps prevent retinal dystrophy, which causes visual alterations with age.

Betacarotene improves eye muscle function. It has also been observed that this fruit has beneficial effects on cardiac function thanks to its vitamins A, C and E, such as softening the heart rate.

Dehydrated or dried papaya has the same properties as fresh fruit, but it must be taken into account that the caloric value of the fruit in this case will be often higher – up to 327 kcal per 100 g of product. Dry papaya is useful in case of malfunction of the pancreas and to prevent cardiovascular diseases.

When eating papaya, the seeds usually discard, but they can also be useful. The dust prepared with papaya seeds helps to quickly heal wounds thanks to its antibacterial effect. The antihelmintic effect of the seeds of the fruit and its consumption has been observed helps in the treatment of liver cirrhosis.

Eating the seeds on an empty stomach helps improve the status of the skin. Papaya seeds also help fight the inflammation of the urinary system and reduce the risk of renal failure.

Papaya applications in cosmetology

Papaya masks purify the skin, illuminate and remove toxins. A mask of this type can be prepared at home by mixing 5 g of fruit pulp, 20 g of karité butter and 20 g of sour cream. The mask can be applied instead of a night cream, but it is not recommended if they have skin lesions. Save the mask in the refrigerator for a week. Adding papaya juice or crushed papaya seeds to homemade exfoliants helps remove dead skin cells.

Papaya seed oil is widely used for hair. Its use gives brightness and silky hair, moisturizes the scalp and helps fight the dandruff. Keep in mind that allergic reactions can be produced, so it is convenient to test the product with a small amount in the elbow fold before using it.

Papaya flower extract is widely used in perfume composition, since the flowers themselves have a very pleasant smell.

Culinary uses of papaya

In addition to being very tasty and sweet, papaya itself can be used to cook various dishes. For example, if papaya pulp is added to a marinade, the meat is softer and more tender. Dry seeds can be used as a seasoning. Fresh fruit can be used to prepare a salad or to decorate poultry.

Papaya damage and contraindications

The greatest damage can be derived from immature fruit consumption. Immature papaya contains the glutinous juice of latex with poisonous properties, which in large quantities can cause the poisoning of the organism. Skin contact with juice should also be avoided.

It can be known that papaya juice is harmless to its color: the ripe fruit juice is colorless and aqueous. As already said, the fruit is allergenic and an individual intolerance is possible. Special care must be taken when eating papaya during pregnancy, since its components can cause muscle tone.

During breastfeeding, fruit can cause stomach discomfort in the child. The consumption of nuts is categorically contraindicated for people suffering from diabetes. The amount of dry fruit consumed must be controlled, since it contains additional sweeteners that can be harmful to dental health and weight.

How to choose and conserve papaya

If you buy the fruit where it grows, you are more likely to offer you the already ripe and ready to eat fruit. Its main attributes are

  • Its intense orange or yellow color
  • Its sweet and characteristic smell

The status of the fruit must also be taken into account, which must be intact, soft and firm. The fruit must have a size between medium and small.

If the fruit is not ripe, the maturation process can be accelerated at home by putting it in the same bag as a banana. Papaya should be kept at a temperature of +10 degrees Celsius.

Papaya is a beneficial fruit with many medicinal properties, but it is essential to consult a specialist before including it in the daily diet. Allergic reactions can be detected to its components or other contraindications.

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