Properties and uses of the Black Saúco

The Black Saúco is widespread in nature and is very popular in medicine. Its parts are used to make tea and other drinks, syrup, ointment, and on their base natural preparations are made to help in colds, inflammatory processes and as stimulating of the immune system.

The scientific name Sambucus Nigra, belongs to the adoxaceae family, produces a harvest of dark or black purple berries. They are edible when preparing and dried properly.

IMPORTANT: Read the information about the Black Saúco Baya regarding its beneficial properties and contraindications before consuming it.

Useful properties

This herb is especially effective for colds and respiratory and pulmonary inflammations; It has antiviral and ant i-inflammatory properties. The Black Saúco is recommended to treat urinary tract infections, rheumatism and weigh t-related problems. Thanks to its powerful antioxidant properties, Saúco helps protect the body’s cells from the aggressive effects of the environment.

The parts of the plant are acquired in herbalists and pharmacies, and the capsules herbal supplements. At home you can prepare infusions, juices and syrups.

Always consult your doctor or pharmacist before treatment.

Forest fruits, its benefits

The fruits that in a raw form contain the dangerous Sambunigreen plant venom, but subject to thermal treatment lose their toxic effect.

Important: never consume berries in raw state. Toxins cause serious problems to human digestive tract.

From the botanical point of view, they are bone fruits that mature at the end of September and October, at which time they are collected and process. The berries are poisonous for the human being, but harmless to wild birds. For them, Saúco berries are a food source, so when it harves them, leave some for the inhabitants of the forest.

What are the benefits of berries

  • Acids: Málico, Tartaric, Acetic, Valeric;
  • sugars;
  • potassium;
  • tannins;
  • vitamins C and P;
  • essential oils;
  • carotene.

They also contain a notable concentration of iron.

The Saúco Flowers in Food

The Saúco blooms from the end of May to June. Numerous individual flowers of 5 petals stand very together, gathered in large panicles of 10 to 15 cm wide. Insects find in the Saúco a valuable and healthy food, and humans, a cure.

Tip: Saúco Flor Umbrella are better collected at noon, in the sun, because they contain the greatest aroma.

They contain the following useful and nutritious substances

  • flavonoids;
  • essential minerals;
  • tannins;
  • routine;
  • Valerian acid.

They are also very popular as ingredients of juices and flavored syrups. Their subtle and delicate floral flavor makes them ideal for the elaboration of desserts.

What are the leaves for

The green base of the Black Saúco is formed by opposite pinnate leaves, elliptically and tooth edges. Pinnaded leaves, dark green, measure between 10 and 30 centimeters long and have a mixture of oval and lanceolate shapes. When rubbing them they give off an unpleasant smell. Black Saúco leaves are food source for several caterpillars. Its leaves contain resins of laxative, carotene and ascorbic acid effect.


The crust of the young saúcos is light to grayish beige and has a smooth surface. With age, trunk and thick branches develop a characteristic cork layer. The root and cortex of the Saúco are used in popular medicine as a diuretic for kidney and bladder diseases. Decoctions of this part of the Saúco Negro plant are also prepared. They are used in the following situations

  • For kidney and skin problems;
  • As diuretic;
  • As a hypotensor to reduce blood pressure.

WARNINGS. The sauk cortex is rich in cyanhydric acid, which can be toxic in too high doses.

Saúco roots

Not only the external parts of the Black Saúco Baya, but also underground are used for medicinal purposes. The roots contain the following medicinal elements

  • tannins and bitter substances
  • amino acids;
  • saponins – organic compounds formed by glucosides that form a foam;
  • Ascorbic acids.


The method of administration and the positive pattern are specified in the instructions of the selected medication. This information depends on the formulation and parts of the plant containing. The optimal dose can only be prescribed by a doctor. In order not to cause damage to the body, you must follow the dosing regime specified in the instructions of this medicine.

The excessive use of black Saúco can cause temporary digestive disorders, as well as a more pronounced smell of sweat due to the diaphoretic properties of the plant.

Collection and conservation

The flowers must be collected in spring, in May and until the end of summer, knowing that the harvested umbrella will not bear fruit. They are dried in a wire rack at a temperature of 60 to 70 degrees, and then stored in paper bags to make an infusion.

Harvest the fruit in autumn, when it is very black and mature. Start all the umbrella with the berries and extend them to dry. When they are dry, you can separate them from the stems and store them in paper bags, in a dry and ventilated room. Periodically check that they do not spoil.

The roots are collected at the end of autumn. After drying them at a temperature of 60 degrees, keep them in a closed container. Expiration: 5 years.

Cortex collected before the yolks are opened, at the beginning of spring, of a 2-year bush. Once dry, it is preserved for 3 years.

The black Saúco leaves must be collected in June, July, in the morning, with clear time. Selected eliminating the raw material of poor quality that is stained or has been devoured by insects, they must dry in the sun or in the oven at low temperature before being sent.

How to consume them correctly

Important: The consumption of raw berries without maturing harms the body, since toxic substances are only detoxified by means of heat treatment.

Each part of the plant contains a toxic alkaloid substance called Sambunigreen, which decomposes at a temperature of 60 to 70 degrees. Therefore, flowers, fruits and their juice are only edible after cooking or buying tablets, sauco capsules in pharmacies.

Medical uses

Internal use in the form of decoctions, infusions, teas in the following cases:

  1. Seasonal viral respiratory infections (colds, flu, sinusitis).
  2. Bronchitis, fever.
  3. Gastrointestinal disorders, constipation.
  4. Liquid retention, cystitis and urinary infections.
  5. Oral irritations (laryngitis, pharyngitis, stomatitis).

For these conditions, external use in the form of compresses, ointments:

  1. Certain cutaneous problems: eczema, bruises, burns.
  2. Hemorrhoids.
  3. In gynecology use vaginal showers for inflammatory processes inside the vagina.

The Saúco is indicated for overweight problems: it can purify the body, forcing to eliminate toxins. Its medicinal properties are also used for rheumatism, arthritis and osteoarthritis, to relieve joint pain. It is a beneficial herb to reinforce the immune system.

For colds and acute respiratory infections.

The flowers are used for throat pain, coughing, bronchial congestion and flu syndrome. They are prepared in infusion to the first symptoms of nasal congestion or secretion, sneezing and tear.

Patients should take 15 ml of syrup four times a day for five days to reduce flu symptoms.


Pour 3 to 5 g of dried flowers in 150 ml of boiling water and simmer the water bath 10 to 15 minutes. Let cool and strain. Take 0. 5 cups 2 to 3 times a day in warm form.

Because of its expectorant, ant i-inflammatory and sweating properties, it relieves flu and colds, and has immunostimulant, antifungal and antioxidant effects.

To prepare the Black Saúco Tisana, you have to boil a cup of water and put 1 tablespoon of dry flowers to infuse for 10 minutes. Pass it for a strainer and is ready.

In case of fever or flu symptoms, it is recommended to increase the dose and use 40 g of dry flowers per liter of water or 10 g per cup, it is in this dose when the effect will be stronger, more effective.

The classic dose is to take 3 cups a day in the morning, at noon and at night.


Alcohol tincture of the sale flowers in pharmacy. Presentation: 100 ml bottle. Indications: ant i-inflammatory, diuretic, diabetes, sars, gastrointestinal diseases, rheumatism. Posology: 20-25 Daily drops 3-4 times before meals.

To improve vision

To treat fatigue, infections, ocular irritation make bathrooms with flowers infusion. Recipe: A teaspoon of flowers pour a glass of boiling water. Let stand for 60 minutes. Rub the eyes with a cotton soaked in the infusion daily for 2 weeks.

Infusion recipe to improve vision:

  1. A handful of fresh berries.
  2. 4 tablespoons of dark honey.
  3. 3 tablespoons of boiling water.

Crush the berries until you get a pulp. Pour boiling water, when it cools add the honey. Take 0. 5 cup daily. 5 days every 2 days, until the harvest season is over.

For diabetes

Many studies show that berries have a positive effect on reducing blood sugar levels. They are used in nutrition. They are used to make jams, syrups, kissel and juices. Pharmacy tinctures or alcohol tinctures made by oneself are used. The extract can reduce insulin resistance.

In diseases of the digestive system.

It helps eliminate toxins from the organism. Take syrup regulates the digestive system. The decoction of the leaves with honey is used as a laxative.

With osteochondrosis.

Infusion of dry flowers used in osteochondrosis.

Culinary applications

The flowers are used in syrups, wines, jellies, donuts, cakes, sorbets and also raw such as dishes decoration.

The berries, mature and cooked, give rise to excellent syrups, wines, jellies, cakes and sorbets, to which they confer a grenade color.

The parts of the plant should be consumed as part of a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. It is important to respect the recommended daily doses and follow the instructions for use. The benefits and damages of the Black Saúco Baya derive from its consumption methods. It is extremely dangerous in its raw form, without subjecting it to thermal treatment. The health benefits of the Black Saúco Baya are broad, but there are also contraindications, so it is necessary to consult the doctor before consuming it so as not to harm health. The berries, mature and cooked, give rise to excellent syrups, wines, jellies, cakes and sorbets, to those who confer a grenade color.

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