A tropical fruit with a very strange name and an unusual appearance has long been one of the favorite foods of lovers of the exotic. Rambeán is a fruit originally from tropical climates. It is located in Thailand, southern Asia and Indonesia.
The largest Rambután plantations are found in Sri Lanka and India. The juicy fruit of this unusual tree looks like a reddish chestnut, but the thorns are larger, long and soft to the touch. It looks more like an unusual hedgehog than to a edible product.
Rambután: What is and what looks?
The Rambután belongs to the Sapiñidae family; His closest relatives are Lichi, Poldasan and Aki. Similar trees are chestnut and maple. When the broken red cortex is removed, you can see a white or milky jelly substance with a large bone in the center.
If you are not careful when you eat the fruit, you can bite the bone and the sensation will not be pleasant. Its flavor is different from that of sweet and tender fruit, and remember that of a chestnut or acorn.
Synopsis. In Thailand there are many traditions associated with this tree. The locals have long have legends about the Rambután, which are transmitted from generation to generation. At the end of August, Thai celebrate a special festival in honor of the Rambután. This exotic fruit is presented in many varieties, so it can be difficult to describe it. According to the variety, the rambutan can be a fruit or a berry. The tree itself can be like a fir – from perennial leaf – or can drop its leaves with the arrival of the new station.
The exotic fruit of the Ramboutan is a soft red-yellow orb with skewers, similar to that of a nut. This tropical fruit grows in trees in huge clusters, with a number of fruits that varies from 10 to 35.
Chemical composition of the fruit
Tropical fruit contains a record amount of ascorbic acid, group B vitamins and many other nutrients. Rambeán manganese strengthens bones, normalizes and accelerates metabolism and reduces cholesterol deposits in blood vessels.
A person who has never tried this amazing fruit might think that it is necessary to eat large amounts of Rambután to obtain enough nutrients and benefits. But it is a wrong concept, since the taste of fruit is so delicate and unusual that you will not even know how many fruits you have eaten.
The Ramboutan also contains high iron levels, which helps control oxygenation. Fruit iron is an excellent preventive against frequent dizziness, lethargy and drowsiness, symptoms of a disease such as anemia.
The chemical composition of the Rambután in 100 grams of fruit:
- Water content – 79 grams;
- Proteins – 0. 62 grams;
- Fats – 0. 3 grams;
- Carbohydrates – 20-22 grams;
- Dietary fiber, also known as fiber – 0. 9 grams;
- Ash – 0. 3 grams.
Vitamin content in 100 grams of Rambután:
- Vitamin of group A, bet a-carotene – 3 µg;
- Vitamin of group B 1, thiamine – 0. 012 mg;
- Vitamin of Group B 2, Riboflavin – 0. 024 mg;
- Vitamin of Group B 3, or Vitamin PP, also known as Niacin – 1. 33 mg;
- Vitamin of Group B 5, Second Pantotenic acid name – 0. 019 mg;
- Vitamin of group B 6, pyridoxin – 0. 03 mg;
- Vitamin B 9, Second Folic acid name – 9 micrograms;
- Ascorbic acid, a vitamin of group C – 59. 6 mg.
Macronutrients contained in 100 grams of exotic fruit:
- Potassium – 43 mg;
- Calcium – 21 mg;
- Sodium – 10. 7 mg;
- Magnesium – 8 mg;
- Phosphorus – 9 mg.
Micronutrients in 100 g of Rambután:
- Iron – 0. 34 mg;
- Manganese – 341 µg;
- Copper – 68 µg;
- Zinc – 81 µg.
100 grams of Rambután contain 80-82 kcal.
In what benefits the organism El Rambután?
The ripe fruits of tropical fruit contain substances as useful and irreplaceable for the body as:
- Carbohydrates and proteins;
- Calcium and iron;
- Nicotinic proteins and acid;
- Vitamins B, A and C.
Introducing the rambutan in the diet can improve skin health and accelerate metabolism. It is also known for its purifying and “rejuvenating” properties, so it is ideal for people who make frequently and immunosuppressed.
Thanks to dietary fiber (fiber) in Rambután – you can normalize digestive processes, as well as to accelerate a bit. It also has beneficial effects on the skin, which purifies and strengthens the structure of hair follicles. Its antimicrobial and antiseptic properties help the weakened organism to face more quickly to diseases of infectious etiology.
This tropical fruit is used as a complementary remedy in the treatment of stomach and dysentery disorders. This is easily explained by the fact that the rambutan has the ability to eliminate pathogenic microflora and harmful bacteria. Due to the high concentration of iron in its composition, the fruit has a beneficial effect on the heart muscle, as well as on the function of the cardiovascular system as a whole, and helps prevent low levels of hemoglobin in the blood.
Reference. The Chinese have used fruit as a remedy against intestinal parasites (for example, worms) since time immemorial, attributing such a treatment technique to the fact that the Rambután has antifungal properties.
Its gelatinous pulp, which contains a high percentage of nicotinic acid, can help lower blood pressure and normalize heart rate. In addition, the rambutan pulp contains a high percentage of phosphorus compounds, which help strengthen tooth enamel, bones and teeth. The roaming cortex also has beneficial properties. Its composition includes gallic acid (second name – trihydroxibenzoic acid) – eliminates free and radical substances from the organism, and also serves to prevent the appearance of malignant tumors. The oil is extracted from the seeds of the tropical fruit and is widely used in cosmetics, as well as in nutritional and detoxifying capillary masks.
Antioxidant and anticancer component
The Rambeán contains a high percentage of antioxidants. The study by the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, whose theme was “antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of no n-edible parts of selected tropical fruits,” revealed that the ripe fruit of the tropical rambutan is effective to combat and prevent diseases in the field of cancer. The study examined: the peel, the pulp and the bone of the Rambután.
Reference. The tropical fruit cortex contains many substances with antioxidant properties, beneficial for the body as a whole. Today, in many stores abroad, on the shelves you can see supplements elaborated based on Rambután bark extract.
Protection against infections and bacteria
The rambutan cortex contains gallic acid. The Chinese have been used for a long time in medicines and cosmetics. Galic acid properties:
- Protection and normalization of heart muscle function;
- Protection of liver cells in the face of pathological processes and aggressive effects of food, alcohol and medicines;
- Prevention of malignant neoplasms such as hepatoma. This tropical fruit fulfills this function by reducing blood cholesterol levels and preventing its further production;
- Another useful property of gallic acid is its ability to stop internal bleeding of various types;
- Another useful property of gallic acid is its ability to stop internal bleeding of diverse kinds;- Improvement and relief of the symptoms of diabetes mellitus;
- Solutions based on this acid have healing properties and are also used as oral rinse for gum disease (for example, gingivitis);
- Galic acid, which is also found in the skin of this tropical fruit, is known for its antibacterial properties, since it acts as a protective barrier against many types of harmful bacteria and pathogens. This fact has been confirmed by scientific research carried out in Mazaisia.
Source of vitamins and minerals
The fruit of the rambutan contains a large number of nutrients, as well as a complex of vitamins and minerals, such as
- Vitamins of all groups B (B 1, B 2, B 3, B 5, B 6, B 12);
- Potassium, iron, calcium;
- Magnesium and manganese;
- Ascorbic acid in large quantities and fiber.
Each of these components is essential for the proper functioning of the organism and to replace vitamins and minerals so necessary to maintain vitality, vigor and protection against premature aging.
Disposal of kidneys
Another beneficial function of tropical fruit is the purification of the organism. Thanks to phosphorus compounds that contain the fruit, harmful substances and processed waste products are eliminated from the kidneys. In addition, with the help of phosphorus the organism obtains help in the form of development, regeneration and protection of all body cells.
Help in the treatment of diabetes
Thanks to numerous studies carried out by China scientists, another beneficial property of the Rambután has been announced: this tropical fruit is able to help patients suffering from type 2. Diabetic mice were used as test subjects. After the introduction of the rambutan in his daily diet, there was a remarkable reduction in blood glucose levels.
Substances extracted from the bone of this tropical fruit are used to make hypoglycemic foods. Diabetics are prescribed Rambután seeds as an alternative treatment. It is believed that the condition and symptoms of diabetes can relieve.
Improve sperm quality
Ramborne contains a lot of ascorbic acid, which plays an important role in sperm production. A lack of vitamin C can cause a reduction in fertility. Such problems can be avoided by increasing the level of vitamin C in the body by 550 mg in a short period of time. In general, this method helps to alleviate the problem, and both qualitative and quantitative values increase substantially.
If you have dreams of getting rid of excess weight, the rambutan can help you accelerate even such a difficult process. The tropical fruit has this effect thanks to the high content of dietary fibers in its composition, and to the low caloric content (per 100 grams of rambutan fruit only 58 kcal). The high percentage of water from tropical fruit also contributes to weight loss.
The seeds of this exotic fruit are also used to lose weight. To do this, they are crushed and added to the food consumed. There is another option to eat the seeds, you can simply eat raw, but only in small quantities.
Increases energy supply
Chewable red hedgehogs have a high content of proteins and carbohydrates, which means that you will feel full of energy almost immediately after eating them.
The aqueous texture of its meat prevents dehydration and quickly calms thirst, recovering energy expenditure. For this property, many athletes eat robutan regularly.
Produces red and white blood cells
Copper is another essential component of the Rambután. It is essential for the production and maintenance of white and red blood cells in the human body. Tropical fruit manganese helps maintain normal enzyme levels. Enzymes are essential for the proper functioning of the organism as a whole.
The Ramboutan is rich in glandular compounds, calcium and phosphorus. Due to these ingredients in the fruit, their inclusion in the daily diet helps to strengthen bones, and it is a prevention of fragile bones and their fractures and subsequent deformations.
This exotic fruit is only indicated for a healthy digestive system. Another useful property of the Rambután is the prevention of gastrointestinal problems and pathological diseases of diverse etiology and nature. The fruit pulp helps treat stomach disorders, eliminates constipation and is a protective barrier against malignant tumors of the large intestine. The Rambután is able to free the organism of toxins, detergents and toxic substances.
Improve the skin status
The tropical fruit cortex contains a highly concentrated dose of antioxidants that prevent premature aging of the skin and the organism as a whole.
IMPORTANT: To maximize the skin of the skin, the rambutan must be introduced into the daily ration. Young women living in Thailand make facial masks with rejuvenating effect and tensioner from the extract of the fruit of the Rambután.
Contraindications for Health
Despite the large number of positive properties of the Rambután for the human body, we must not forget that it is an exotic fruit and absolutely unusual for our stomach and organism. It is advisable to start with small amounts of tropical fruit to avoid gastrointestinal problems and dysfunctions, such as:
- Stomach ache;
- Fever with excess food and poisoning.
Before consuming Rambután – read your composition, if it contains a component for which you have an individual intolerance – abstain you complete this product, do not risk your health.
It has been observed that this tropical fruit has toxic effects on the body when consumed in large quantities. The maximum number of fruits that can be eaten in one day – 4-5 pieces.
Warning. Seed, skin and bone contain poisonous substances such as tannin and saponine. They can only be eaten after undergoing a thermal treatment process, because in raw state they are narcotics. Eating excess rambutan entails poisoning and stomach discomfort.
How to eat Rambután
This delicate and sweet tropical fruit is consumed
- Raw in its entire form, after removing their skin and nuggets;
- The Rambután can be kept and eaten as a single dish or as an accompaniment of a light salad or a dessert;
- This exotic fruit is used to make jams, ice cream and fruit desserts in the warm countries of the South.
How to Peel the Ramborn
To eat this sweet tropical fruit, you have to wash it and, with a sharp knife, make an incision of 1-2 mm deep around the circumference of the fruit. The shell is removed only from one half of the fruit, leaving the other half to make it easier to sustain the rambutan in the hands.
If you are lucky to visit Thailand or other warm countries, you cannot stop trying the Rambutans. The taste of these “red hedgehogs” is incomparable and the benefits of a single fruit eaten equals those of eating a kilo of apples or other fruits.